Surface and Groundwater Hydrology
Type of course in situ
Course provider Cranfield University
Available dates for this course
Please contact Cranfield University directly for a current list of course dates
This subject concentrates on the quantification of surface and groundwater hydrological processes. An understanding of rainfall, evapotranspiration, runoff, groundwater recharge, groundwater storage, and groundwater movement is essential for those involved in the science, engineering or management of the water environment.
This course provides a conceptual and quantitative understanding of hydrology and the basic principles of hydraulics as a basis for later applied studies of water quality, water engineering, and water management.
This course will cover:
The hydrological cycle and the influence of man.
Basics of hydraulics: SI Units, properties of fluids, basic mechanics.
Hydrostatics: Pressure, pressure measurement, pressure and forces on submerged surfaces.
Fluids in motion: Types of flow. Continuity, energy and momentum equations and their applications.
Behaviour of a real fluid.
Precipitation, measurement of precipitation amount and intensity, spatial analysis.
Interception and depression storage. Evapotranspiration, Penman approach, actual evapotranspiration. runoff processes; overland flow, interflow, base flow.
runoff measurement; velocity area methods. Structures; hydraulic principles of weirs & flumes. Stage measurement. Rating curves and other methods.
Groundwater occurrence: porosity, permeability, water holding formations, aquifers, aquicludes, aquifer types, aquifer boundaries, springs and streams in relation to groundwater.
Aquifer properties: transmissivity, storage coefficient, significance and typical magnitudes of these properties.
groundwater movement: flow lines and equipotentials, natural flow, recharge, flow to wells, drawdown, cone of influence, radius of influence, interference.
Pumping tests: aquifer and well tests, conduct, measurement of variables, precautions.
Pumping test analysis: Theis and Jacob approaches, well efficiency. Dupuit-Forchheimer and Theis assumptions, deviations from these, and alternative methods.
groundwater recharge: processes, main methods of estimation.
On successful completion of this course the delegate will be able to:
Understand the basic hydraulic principles of static and moving water.
Measure point and estimate areal rainfall. Estimate potential evapotranspiration from weather data and understand the relationship between actual and potential evapotranspiration.
Differentiate between various runoff processes and identify the conditions under which each are important.
Choose the appropriate flow measurement technique for different types of watercourses.
Calculate the discharge of a watercourse by the velocity area method and by use of weirs and flumes.
Construct a rating curve for a watercourse.
Describe and conceptualise the occurrence and movement of groundwater.
Apply Darcys Law to simple groundwater flow problems.
Design and carry out groundwater pumping tests, and analyse the resulting data.
Explain the mechanisms of groundwater recharge in different climatic environments.
To book on this course please contact:
Academic Operations Unit.
MK43 0AL, UK
T: +44 (0) 1234 754176
F: +44 (0) 1234 751206
Cranfield University reserves the right to change course dates as appropriate.
Cranfield Campus College Road Cranfield MK43 0AL UK
Telephone: +44 (0)1234 758540